Few animals on Earth evoke the antipathy that mosquitoes do. Their itchy, irritating bites and nearly ubiquitous presence can ruin a backyard barbecue or a hike in the woods. They have an uncanny ability to sense our murderous intentions, taking flight and disappearing milliseconds before a fatal swat. And in our bedrooms, the persistent, whiny hum of their buzzing wings can wake the soundest of sleepers.
Mosquito Life Cycle
All mosquito species go through four distinct stages during their life cycle:
- Egg – hatches when exposed to water.
- Larva – (plural: larvae) “wriggler” lives in water; molts several times; most species surface to breathe air.
- Pupa – (plural: pupae) “tumbler” does not feed; stage just before emerging as adult.
- Adult – flies short time after emerging and after its body parts have hardened.
The first three stages occur in water, but the adult is an active flying insect. Only the female mosquito bites and feeds on the blood of humans or other animals.
- After she obtains a blood meal, the female mosquito lays the eggs directly on or near water, soil and at the base of some plants in places that may fill with water. The eggs can survive dry conditions for a few months.
- The eggs hatch in water and a mosquito larva or “wriggler” emerges. The length of time to hatch depends on water temperature, food and type of mosquito.
- The larva lives in the water, feeds and develops into the third stage of the life cycle called, a pupa or “tumbler.” The pupa also lives in the water but no longer feeds.
- Finally, the mosquito emerges from the pupal case after two days to a week in the pupal stage.
- The life cycle typically takes up two weeks, but depending on conditions, it can range from 4 days to as long as a month.
The adult mosquito emerges onto the water’s surface and flies away, ready to begin its lifecycle.
Controlling Mosquitoes at Home
Control mosquitoes outside your home
Remove standing water where mosquitoes could lay eggs
- Once a week, empty and scrub, turn over, cover, or throw out any items that hold water like tires, buckets, planters, toys, pools, birdbaths, flowerpot saucers, or trash containers. Mosquitoes lay eggs near water.
- Tightly cover water storage containers (buckets, cisterns, rain barrels) so that mosquitoes cannot get inside to lay eggs.
- For containers without lids, use wire mesh with holes smaller than an adult mosquito.
- Use larvicides to treat large containers of water that will not be used for drinking and cannot be covered or dumped out.
- If you have a septic tank, repair cracks or gaps. Cover open vent or plumbing pipes. Use wire mesh with holes smaller than an adult mosquito.
Kill mosquitoes outside your home
- Use an outdoor insect spray made to kill mosquitoes in areas where they rest.
- Mosquitoes rest in dark, humid areas like under patio furniture, or under the carport or garage. When using insecticides, always follow label instructions.
Control mosquitoes inside your home
Keep mosquitoes out
- Install or repair and use window and door screens. Do not leave doors propped open.
- Use air conditioning when possible.
Kill mosquitoes inside your home
- Kill mosquitoes inside your home. Use an indoor insect fogger or indoor insect spray to kill mosquitoes and treat areas where they rest. These products work immediately, and may need to be reapplied. When using insecticides, always follow label directions. Only using insecticide will not keep your home free of mosquitoes.
- Mosquitoes rest in dark, humid places like under the sink, in closets, under furniture, or in the laundry room.
Recommended Trapall Products
Indoor UV Light Bug Zapper Electric Mosquito Killer Lamp Machine
Indoor/Outdoor Garden Lawn Bug Zapper Electric Insect Mosquito Killer Lamp
Trapall has been an experienced manufacturer and supplier of pests control products for many years. We have developed various of traps and other accessories to help you expel and eliminate your pest problem. For more related products, check out the website.
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, August 13). Controlling Mosquitoes at Home. Retrieved January 28, 2022, from https://www.cdc.gov/zika/prevention/controlling-mosquitoes-at-home.html
National Geographic. (n. d.). Mosquitoes. Retrieved January 28, 2022, from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/facts/mosquitoes
United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2021, January 27). Mosquito Life Cycle. Retrieved January 28, 2022, from https://www.epa.gov/mosquitocontrol/mosquito-life-cycle